Children's Festival of Welsh History 2016

Locations 2016

Compass

Cardigan Castle

Cardigan Castle

Cardigan Castle occupies a naturally strategic position which overlooks the lowest crossing point of the River Teifi affording spectacular views both seaward and inland. Lord Rhys is believed to have started rebuilding the castle in stone in 1171, the first Welsh man to build a stone Castle. In 1176, to mark the completion of the Castle, Lord Rhys held the first ever Eisteddfod, a celebration which included competitions between poets and harpists.

A few centuries after the first Eisteddfod was held at the castle, Henry Tudor, in his attempt to recruit an army to fight against Richard lll at Bosworth, called at Cardigan Castle to gather support.

Today, following a major restoration project, Cardigan Castle is open to the public for all to enjoy. It’s home to an exhibition on the history of the Eisteddfod, as well as a year long programme of varied events.

Newton House

Newton House

Lord Rhys ruled the Deheubarth from 1155, from his main family home at Dinefwr Castle.

In 1298, a ‘New Towne’ was developed on land given to those men loyal to Edward 1. The King was concerned about unrest in this part of Wales and so he hoped that by forming this ‘New Towne’, along with granting the people new trading rights, it would prosper and quell the unrest.

The current Newton House was built on this site in 1660 after many years of Dinefwr land being lost and won by the Rice (Dynevor) family due to various allegiances with Royalty. It was home to the Lords of Dynevor until the 1970s.

Kidwelly Castle

Kidwelly Castle

Lord Rhys was 4 years old when his mother Gwenllian died. In 1136, a battle was fought in fields near Kidwelly castle, between Maurice de Londres and his forces, and Welsh forces led by Gwenllian and her two oldest sons, Morgan and Maelgwyn. Gwenllian was defeated and killed, along with Morgan.

In 1159, when he was 27, Lord Rhys captured and burnt the Norman castles across south west Wales, and it is very likely that this offensive included Kidwelly. Rhys is known to have built or refurbished several castles, including Cardigan castle, and perhaps Dinefwr castle. In 1190, Lord Rhys went on the offensive and Welsh chronicles record that he ‘built the castle of Cydweli’. This may have been major repairs to the original castle, which was built of earth and timber, or he may have started building the castle in stone.

Lord Rhys died in 1197 and the castle fell back into the hands of the Normans.

The National Library of Wales

The National Library of Wales

The National Library of Wales is the biggest library in Wales and serves as the nation's memory. As a legal deposit library it has the right to receive a free copy of everything published in Britiain and Ireland. Around 4,000 new publications are collected every week that add to The National Library's collection of:

  • - 6 million books and newspapers
  • - 950,000 photographs
  • - 60,000 works of art
  • - 1.5 million maps
  • - 7 million feet of film
  • - 40,000 manuscripts
  • - 250,000 hours of video
  • - 1,900 cubic metres of archives

Owain Glyndŵr Centre

Owain Glyndŵr Centre

The Owain Glyndŵr Centre is built on the site of the famous parliament held in 1404 at which Owain was crowned Prince of Wales. This Grade 1 listed building was given to the town of Machynlleth by Lord Davies of Llandinam in February, 1912.

The Centre hosts a new interactive and informative exhibition on the life, times and vision of Owain Glyndŵr - rebel leader, national hero and self appointed prince of Wales at the beginning of the fifteenth century.

Tŷ Mawr Wybrnant

Tŷ Mawr Wybrnant

William Morgan was born in 1545 at Tŷ Mawr, Wybrnant. He was one of five children and his parents were tenants on the estate of the powerful Wynn family of Gwydir, near Llanrwst. The road running by Wybrnant was a main drovers road in William Morgan’s time, and the family would often welcome the drovers and poets to their humble home.

It was a family tradition of the Wynn’s to take the ablest children of their tenants to be educated at Gwydir by the family tutor. As well a being educated by the travelling bards and mintrels who called at Tŷ Mawr, William Morgan was tutored at Gwydir, before heading to St John’s College Cambridge at the age of twenty.

Throughout his career, William Morgan served many parishes throughout Wales, but he is mainly associated with the vicarage of Llanrhaeadr - yn - Mochnant, because he stayed there from 1578 to 1595, and it was there that he translated the Bible into Welsh.

The first Welsh language Bible was published in 1588.

Mary Jones World

Mary Jones World

Mary Jones World is a new state of the art visitor and education centre that tells the story of Mary Jones and Thomas Charles, and the impact of the world’s bestselling book on Wales and the world.

In 1800, a 15 year-old girl called Mary Jones walked 26 miles from Llanfihangel-y-Pennant to Bala to buy a Bible. William Morgan’s Bible was the version Mary Jones wanted which led to the foundation of the Bible Society in 1804.

William Morgan’s story is also told at Mary Jones World as part of the history of Welsh Bibles.

Raglan Castle

Raglan Castle

In 1462, King Edward IV placed 5 year old Henry Tudor in the custody of Yorkist William Herbert, who owned Raglan Castle, and his wife, to be brought up at Raglan. Henry’s mother was only 13, and his father had died of plague before he was born. Henry Tudor stayed at Raglan castle for nearly 10 years.

Whilst at Raglan, Henry was tutored by two clerics, Edward Haseley and Andrew Scot, and perhaps trained in gentlemanly pursuits by Sir Hugh Johnys. He learned some archery, and may have learnt some Welsh while he was there, as the Herbert family and servants all spoke Welsh.

William Herbert had hoped to marry Henry Tudor to his eldest daughter, Maud, but he died before that could be arranged. Henry Tudor escaped from Raglan Castle, back to Pembroke Castle, when he was 14 years old.

Rhuddlan Castle

Rhuddlan Castle

Edward I built the castle between 1277 and 1282, at a cost of nearly £10,000. The castle was designed to be a magnificent fortress, to be supplied by sea, and 2 miles of the river next to the castle was deepened and straightened to make this possible. This work may have involved as many as 1800 - 2000 men, digging the ditches by hand. As well as the great castle walls we can see today, a huge wall with a square tower at each end defended the castle from attack from the river.

In 1284, the Statute Rhuddlan was signed here - it created the counties of Flintshire, Caernarvonshire, Anglesey, Meirionnydd, Ceredigion and Carmarthenshire, and established a system of government which lasted for 250 years.

Owain Glyndŵr's rebellion began in 1400, and his forces ravaged the town of Rhuddlan and attacked the castle but didn’t manage to take this powerful castle.

St Fagans National History Museum

St Fagans

The St Fagans redevelopment project reached an exciting milestone this summer with the opening of it’s visitor entrance building and learning spaces. The performance will take place in the brand new purpose built lecture theatre in the Weston Centre for Learning.

Flint Castle

Flint Castle

'Y Glêr' was the name given to the busking bards of the Middla Ages. These poets referred to as y glêr tended to be sub standard and would have to travel from one noble house to the next to try and earn their keep, which was considered to be inferior, by some of the more established poets.

Anni Llŷn, this years’ Welsh language children’s poet laureate will tour some of Wales’ finest castles, staging poetry and storytelling sessions to local schools in medieval style.

Caernarfon Library

Caernarfon Library

The first meeting to discuss the formation of a Welsh colony in Patagonia, where the language and culture would thrive, was held by the Caernarfon Literary Society, at Engedi chapel in 1856. One leading member of the society was local printer, Lewis Jones, who went on to rally support for the new colony. Nearly ten years following that meeting, the Mimosa sailed to Patagonia with the first of the Welsh settlers on board.

Blaenau Ffestiniog Library

Blaenau Ffestiniog Library

A hundred and fifty years ago a brave band of Welsh men, women and children sailed on the Mimosa to the other side of the world, in search of a better life, in Patagonia. Among the travellers were 12 people from the Ffestiniog area.

Tenby Museum and Art Gallery

Tenby Museum

Tenby Museum and Art Gallery is the oldest independent museum in Wales, having been established in 1878.

Carrog Hall, Corwen

Carrog Hall, Corwen

The building was first used as a magistrate's court, but that period came to an end in the 90's. The centre is now a community centre where numerous activities are organised by many different community groups, including Cylch Ti a Fi; Youth Club, as well as being a venue for Welsh learning classes.